Archive

Find useful materials like project reports, publications, scientific papers and other documents related to Child Rights here in the archive! Remember to always quote and give correct references if you use the material in your own texts. On the page (opens a new window) How to Give References you find relevant and useful information regarding this.
A CASE STUDY REPORTON IMPLEMENTING THE CRC AT CHILD FRIENDLY SCHOOLS IN KULUN BANNER/COUNTY IN INNER MONGOLIA

Final Project Report, Batch 1, China.
Auhtors: SUN BAIJUN PAN JUNQIANG LI HONG

A follow-up on the previous CRC change projects in Inner Mongolia — to form a knowledge base for a network of teacher trainers for implementation of CRC

Final Project Report, Batch 17, China
Authors: Ren Lei, Wu Xiaochun, and Guo Xuelin

A Handbook of Children and Young People’s Participation Perspectives from theory and practice.

Barry Percy-Smith & Nigel Thomas (eds) (2013).

A Handbook of Rights-Based Participatory Approach for EFL Teaching

Final Project Report, Batch 20, China.
Authors: Wuyungaowa, Sun Xiaorui, and Liu Chang.

A Human Rights-Based Approach to EDUCATION FOR ALL – A framework for the realization of children’s right to education and rights within education.
  • 2018-02-15 15:00

UNICEF (2007). A Human Rights-Based Approach to EDUCATION FOR ALL – A framework for the realization of children’s right to education and rights within education. https://www.unicef.org/publications/index_42104.html.

A Minor Field Study on Student Participation through Class and School Councils in Copperbelt Province, Zambia.

Ammitzböll, Sandra & Hall, Charlotta. (2011): A Minor Field Study on Student Participation through Class and School Councils in Copperbelt Province, Zambia. Lund University: School of Social Work.
Type: Bachelor thesis.

A New School

Final Project Report, Batch 15, Mozambique.
Authors: Janete Mondlane Machava and Gilberto Langa

A Project Report on Improvement of Performance In Primary School Mathematics In Tanzania: A Case Of Mlimani Primary School

Final Project Report from Batch 14, Tanzania.
Authors: Kagaruki, Aviti; Marimbo, Catherine; Tilya, Frank.

A Study on the Implementation of the Convention On the Rights of the Child (CRC) in Malawian Primary Schools

Final Project Report, Batch 05, Malawi
Author: Andrew Chipanga, Darles Mbewe, Prince Moyo

Abuse in Kindergarten and Primary Schools

Final Project Report, Batch 15, Egypt
Author: Samar Mustafa Taha Mustafa, Mona Mahmoud Hassan Gad, Mustafa Mahmoud Hamdi Hassan Allethi

Accountability For Children’s Rights

The Human Rights Unit within the Programme Division of UNICEF commissioned this working paper on accountability for children’s rights, and convened a two-day workshop in March 2014, bringing together social accountability researchers, practitioners and child rights experts to discuss how civil society engagement can help accelerate results for children by holding governments accountable. This paper focuses on social accountability and its potential to achieve results and equity for children, as experiences are emerging that show its benefits to governance, citizenship and development outcomes. It also outlines how social accountability can help engage children and adolescents meaningfully in matters that affect them and their communities.

Addressing Basic Needs of Orphans at Rekgonne Primary School

Final Project Report from Batch 17, South Africa.
Authors: Senooe Mafalatsi, Suzan; Mphatsoanyane Leburu, John; Leeuw Deliwe, Clarice.

After the Big Bang: A Module to Prepare Pre-service Teacher Trainees for Future Practice in CRC Education

Final Project Report, Batch 21, China.
Authors: Li Jie, Ma Wei, and Zhang Yu.

AHIMSA at Child Rights Schools – Child Friendly Schools

Final Project Report, Batch 3, India
Author: Preetha Bhakta, Nalini Juneja, Mathew Zacharias

Alternative Corporal Punishment at Barbro Johansson Model Girls' Secondary School

Final Project Report from Batch 5, Tanzania.
Authors: Kamote, Halima; Mmuya, Kaspar; Samaluku, Silas.

ALTERNATIVES TO CORPORAL PUNISHMENT IN UGANDAN SCHOOLS PILOTED AT BUGANDA ROAD PRIMARY SCHOOLS

Final Project Report, Batch 5, Uganda.
Authors: Justine Nabirye, Beatrice Turyasingura, Dr. Wilson Muyinda Mande

Applying crc for effective learning at school to overcome the negligence from home with special reference to tribal pupils in Government primary school, Edivanna Estate, Nilambur of Kerala state

Final Project Report, Batch 15, India
Author: Ibrahim Kutty. P.K., Babu Varghese, Sherly. Puthukulangara

Awareness Creation and Strengthening of Child Rights Clubs

Final Project Report, Batch 9, Ethiopia.
Authors: Mr. Teferi Belew, Mrs. Bruknesh Argaw, Mr. Bisrat Ashebo.

Build up child-friendly learning environment by improving teachers and students’ communication based on the Rights to Participation and Protection in CRC

Final Project Report, Batch 15, Vietnam
Authors: Ms Dinh Kim Phuong, Mr Tran Si Thy, Ms Bach Linh Trang

Building Learner’s Empathy through Child-Friendly Realistic Learning Approach (CFRLA), a CRC Project in Surakarta

Final Project Report, Batch 17, Indonesia
Author: Aryati Prasetyarini, Nining Setyaningsih, Mohammad Ali

Building warm relationship between teachers and students in order to increase students’ participation in the classroom at Quisse Mavota Secondary School in Maputo

Final Project Report, Batch 18, Mozambique.
Authors: Artur Armando Dombo, Elias Marcos Banze and Milagrosa Armando Basilio Sitoe

Bullying in Bogotá's Schools: The case of Carlo Federici School

Final Project Report from Batch 8, Colombia.
Authors: Quitián, Esperanza Valenzuela; Sánchez, José Reyes; Camacho, Sebastián Londoño

Change Agents and Change of Norms: International Experiences on Training in UN Convention on the Rights of the Child in Schools

Wickenberg, P. & Leo, U. (2014) Change Agents and Change of Norms: International Experiences on Training in UN Convention on the Rights of the Child in Schools. CICE Hiroshima University, Journal of International Cooperation in Education, Vol.16 No.2 (2014) pp.105 - 120.

Changing of Attitudes and Infusion of CRC in Policies of Mabatho Intermediate School Community

Final Project Report from Batch 13, South Africa.
Authors: Malinga, Sikhalo Sifiso; Thokwayo, Tebello Patrick; Mtimkulu, Matshediso Janette.

Changing the Leadership Role in Implementing the Child Rights in Selected Schools of Bole Sub city, Addis Ababa

Final Project Report, Batch 13, Ethiopia.
Authors: Dilamo Otore, Roman Tesfaye and Daniel Mekonnen

Child Based Education Increasing Learner Participation in Creating Child Friendly Schools in the Rukungiri District

Final Project Report, Batch 7, Uganda.
Authors: John Wilson Tereraho – Peace Atamba – Justine Tumweboreine

Child Friendly Cities - webpage

Child Friendly Cities A child friendly city is the embodiment of the Convention on the Rights of the Child at the local level, which in practice means that children’s rights are reflected in policies, laws, programmes and budgets. In a child friendly city, children are active agents; their voices and opinions are taken into consideration and influence decision making processes. http://childfriendlycities.org/

Child headed families and their needs for support from school, other authorities and community

Final Project Report from Batch 21, South Africa.
Authors: Maine, Nefthaly; Lekaota, Sibongile; Mohlahledi, Elias.

Child participation in decision making at school

Final Project Report, Batch 16, Malawi
Author: Priscilla Thawe, Jeremiah Mpaso and Joyce Masache

Child Participation in Decision Making In Schools of Njewa Education Zone, Lilongwe

Final Project Report, Batch 19, Malawi
Author: Anderson Ntandika, Susan Rockey and George Kondowe

Child Right Awareness Raising for Stung Treng Regional

Final Project Report from Batch 12, Cambodia.
Authors: Seng Sopheak, Vann Rommny, Ngoun Phally

Child right based approach to create a conducive environment for teaching and learning at Shamangorwa Combined School in Kavango East Region

Final Project Report from Batch 6, Namibia.
Authors: Hamutenya, Marthinus; Munkanda, Fillipine P.; Kandjimi, Imelda

Child Right Cell for the Child Right Based Schools in the Districts of Mlappuram and Kozhiode of Kerala

Final Project Report, Batch 11, India
Author: Valsala KK, Mohammed Haris, Dr. Abdul Gafoor.P.K

Child Rights Activities in Schools with special focus on participation: A Sample of three (3) selected schools in Lusaka District (Lake Road PTA School, Lusaka Girls Primary and Libala Secondary School)

Final Project Report from Batch 20, Zambia.
Authors: Kafulo, Christina; Muleya, Gistered; Musenge, Kaoma Y.

Child Rights Clubs; a means for CRC Practices in Butimba Teachers’College in Mwanza Tanzania

Final Project Report from Batch 21, Tanzania.
Authors: Rweyemamu Kamayugi, Augustine; Mokiwa, Edith John; Ngussa, Neema Kusekwa.

Child Rights Convention in the Kharas Region

Final Project Report from Batch 2, Namibia.
Authors: Smit, Maree; Steenkamp, Dinah; Shangengange, Fenny.

Child Rights Convention Sensitization and Enhancement of its Implementation in Malawian Primary Schools: A Case of Chimutu Primary School, Lilongwe

Final Project Report, Batch 13, Malawi
Author: Martha Ndeyana Kwengwere, Derex Francis Edwin Souza and Leonard Sakala Banda

Child Rights implementation in Zambia: Evaluating the Impact in Three Pilot Schools

Final Project Report from Batch 10, Zambia.
Authors: Mwale, Kezala Kelly; Miyanda, Mambe; Chishiko, Stephen.

Child Rights in Education: A Pilot Study in Lusaka District, Zambia

Final Project Report from Batch 3, Zambia.
Authors: Mulenga, Athanasius M.; Syamuntondo, Clotilda; Misapa, Ronald.

Child Rights, Classroom and School Management

Final Project Report, Batch 11, China.
Auhtors: Wu, Haiyan. Lu, Lan. Xu, Chen

Child Rights, Classroom and School Management

Final Project Report, Batch 4, India
Author: Mr. E. Mohan Das, Mr. Ravikant Thakur and Dr. (Ms.) Madhumita Bandyopadhyay

Child-friendly Schools Manual.

UNICEF (2009). Child-friendly Schools Manual. https://www.unicef.org/publications/files/Child_Friendly_Schools_Manual_EN_040809.pdf

Child-Friendly Teaching Model

Final Project Report, Batch 11, Indonesia
Author: Intan Indiati, Nur Hidayat, and Trimo

Children’s rights to participation through authentic and participative learning as well as to protection in Muhammadiyah Primary School 16 of Surakarta, Indonesia

Final Project Report, Batch 16, Indonesia
Author: Siti Zuhriah Ariatmi, Anam Sutopo, Suprihanto

Children's Rights Turn into Reality

Final Project Report from Batch 19, Colombia.
Authors: Uribe, Judith Guevara; Santos Ortiz, Sandra Milena; Ruiz, Pedro Adolfo Cabrejo.

Combating Bullying in Primary Schools: The Case of Minlik II Primary School at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Final Project Report, Batch 8, Ethiopia.
Authors: Tibebu Zeneb. Endalkchew Tesera. Aster Tadege.

Conflict Resolution Strategies to Reduce Conflict Inside and Outside the Classroom

Final Project Report from Batch 17, Colombia.
Authors: Jaimes, Judith Castellanos; Galán, Carlos Eduardo; Prada, Yanneth Sánchez.

CRC based school leadership: the case of njewa education zone

Final Project Report, Batch 20, Malawi
Author: Noris Mangulama Chirwa, Dr. Joseph Chimombo, and Esther Kapito

CRC in Relation to the Competence Based Reform from 2001

Final Project Report, Batch 07, Sri Lanka
Author: L. N. A. Indrani, T. Y. J. Rupasingha, A. M. Anula Kumarihami

CRC training and application for staff, teachers and caregivers of Le Ngoc Han primary school, HCMC

Final Project Report, Batch 2, Vietnam
Authors:

Creating a Child Friendly Environment and Developing the Teaching Learning Process by Using the CRC in the Kimbulapitiya Maha Vidyalaya of the Western Province in Sri Lanka

Final Project Report, Batch 5, Sri Lanka
Author: W.A.Wijethunga, N.A.T.P.Kulathilake, Dishanthini Thiyageshwaran

Creating a Child- Friendly School and enhancing Child: Centered English Language Classrooms

Final Project Report, Batch 20, Sri Lanka
Author: W.M.S.P. Jayaratne, Sidath Wipularatne, and Indra Vithanachchi

Creating a child-friendly environment in community and classroom in Cong Chinh commune, Nong Cong District, Thanh Hoa province

Final Project Report, Batch 3, Vietnam
Authors:

Creating Awareness on CRC for Teachers and Students in Secondary Schools

Final Project Report from Batch 7, Tanzania.
Authors: Edward Michael, Ismail; Evaristi Magna, Magdalena; Ignas Bangi, Yustin.

Creating Child Friendly Schools

Final Project Report, Batch 7, Ethiopia.
Authors: Adham Duri - Bezabih Bariza

Creation on Awareness on Child Rights and Responsibilities to Trainer of Trainers in Teacher Education

Final Project Report from Batch 3, Tanzania.
Authors: Mumba, Honorina; Mwangamila, Joseph G.; Tunzo Kassembe, Rehema.

CRIN (Child Rights International Network) - website

CRIN (Child Rights International Network) https://www.crin.org/en/home/about CRIN is a global children’s rights advocacy network. Established in 1995, we press for rights - not charity - and campaign for a genuine shift in how governments and societies view and treat children. It links to nearly 3,000 organisations that between them work on children’s rights in every country in the world and rely on our publications, research and information sharing. https://www.unicef.org/eca/education_18613.html https://www.unicef.org/eca/education_18613.html

Crossing Boundaries and Empowering People in CRC

Final Project Report from Batch 9, Colombia.
Authors: García, Danilo Oliveros; Montañez, Luis Gabriel Rosero; Saavedra, Bibiana Rubio.

Deepening understanding of democracy and democratic participation in South African Schools in the context of the Convention on the Rights of the Child

Final Project Report from Batch 5, South Africa.
Authors: Dyer, Claire; Masinga, Nokuzola; Ndlovu, Sipho.

Developing a Child-Friendly Classroom
  • 2018-01-25 15:46

Ghana Teacher Training Videos by Sesame Workshop

Development of Small Schools Facing the Threats of Closing Down

Final Project Report, Batch 01, Sri Lanka
Author: Prema Karunaratne

Education for All: Enhancing the opportunities of San Children at Martin Ndumba Combined School in, Kavango East Region

Final Project Report from Batch 11, Namibia.
Authors: Ngalangi, Naftal S.; Mpareke, Florinus; Kambonbe, Eveline.

Effective use of Children’s Council in Schools A pilot intervention programme in Cairo, Egypt Final Report

Advanced International Training Programme on Child Rights, Classroom and School Management
Final Project Report, Batch 3, Egypt
Author: Ms Wafaa Dawood, Ms Samah Hassan, Ms Madiha Abdelslam

Empowering Community Participations in School Activities

Final Project Report, Batch 8, India
Author: TV Gopakumar, VV Thankachan

Empowering Student Organization (OSIS) for Child-Friendly School Management

Final Project Report, Batch 19, Indonesia
Author: Muhammad Thoyibi, Dewi Candraningrum and Muhammad Amir Zubaidi

Empowering Students for Participation and Decision Making in Schools in the Context of Kasaragod District, Kerala, India

Final Project Report, Batch 13, India
Author: P. Bhaskaran, Anil Kumar, Carmaly Pathikunnel Abraham

Empowering students in disaster risk reduction (DRR). A CRC project at Muhammadiyah 1 senior High School Klaten

Final Project Report, Batch 20, Indonesia
Author: M. Amin Sunarhadi, Mauly Halwat Hikmat, Agus Supriyadi

Empowering students in the age group 15 – 17 in participation with respect to CRC in Kannur district, Kerala state, India

Final Project Report, Batch 16, India
Author: Chandini KK, Krishnadas KM, Ravisankar TA

Empowering Students to Participate Actively in the Classroom

Final Project Report, Batch 8, Indonesia
Author: Ngasbun Egar, Riana Martin, Baiq Inggrid P.

Empowering Students’ Participation

Advanced International Training Programme on Child Rights, Classroom and School Management
Final Project Report, Batch 10, Egypt
Author: Dr. Walid Yasin, Mrs. Tahany Shemeis, Mr. Mohamed Hamed

Empowerment of Child Rights in three High School settings on the Copperbelt Province of Zambia

Final Project Report from Batch 7, Zambia.
Authors: Chisanga, Tabeth; Chikalekale, Florence; Banda, Mathias.

Enabling Children Become Decision Makers Through Participation. Child Friendly Schools – PPTA and School Parliaments

Final Project Report, Batch 6, India
Author: Indira Indiramandiram, Sivaraman O. Ombalamurikkal and Sivadasan Elaikkara Pathaya

Encourage democratic learner participation in three schools around Phillipolis with the intention of addressing corporal punishment in the context of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Final Project Report from Batch 11, South Africa.
Authors: Matsaneng, Rapuleng; Engelbrecht, Rodney; Seane, Mamaipato.

Enforcing Child Rights Globally

Experiences and Reflections from the International Training Programme on Child Rights, Classroom and School Management - ULF LEO, EMMA ALFREDSSON, LENA ANDERSSON, AGNETA W FLINCK, BODIL RASMUSSON AND PER WICKENBERG (EDS.) This book contains presentations and reflections based on the Impact and Dissemination Seminar held in June 2013 in Bangkok, Thailand with 160 participants from the Child Rights, Classroom and School Management programme of batches 8-14. A batch consists of 30 participants representing 10 countries in teams of three. Lund University has offered the programme since 2003, and it is an Advanced International Training Programme funded by Sida (The Swedish International Development and Cooperation Agency).

Enhancing a Child- friendly Learning Teaching Process Computer Assisted and Activity Based Approach

Final Project Report, Batch 19, Sri Lanka
Author: P.G.Saman Piyasiri, H. Udeni Kanthi Anoma and W.M.W.S.Pushpika Gunarathne

Enhancing active student participation by using the “bottom up- approach” in the Student Council in Bunrany Hun Sen Samaki Primary School Phnom Penh

Final Project Report, Batch 21, Cambodia.
Authors: Chan Sophea, Than Thavy, and Thong Chanchada

Enhancing Child Participation in Schools

Final Project Report, Batch 18, Egypt
Author: Hossam Samy, Noha Ekram and Yara Shokry

Enhancing Child Right Interventions by Reinforcing Cocurricular Activities in Ethiopia Tikdem Primary School of Hawassa City Administration, Ethiopia

Final Project Report, Batch 18, Ethiopia.
Authors: Ato Geremew Sime, Ato Tarekegn Sacato and Zelalem Bogale

Enhancing Child Rights in Schools through empowering Student Leadership

Final Project Report, Batch 8, Uganda.
Authors: Ms Aida Nyenje Lubwama, Dr, Livingstone Ddungu, Dr. Charles Wakoko Masaba

Enhancing Children and Adolescents Rights

Final Project Report from Batch 6, Colombia.
Authors: Velásquez, Graciela Maria; Aragon, Hector Orlando; Ossa, Angela Calle

Enhancing tutors’/Teachers’ Competence in Use of Rights Based Pedagogy to Promote the Children’s Right of Participation

Final Project Report, Batch 18, Uganda.
Authors: Edward Mugeere, Vincent Elungat and Caroline Nakidde Kavuma

Ensuring Children’s and Parents’ Participation in Class and School Activities

Final Project Report, Batch 9, India
Author: Pushpa Mathew, Gracy T.J, George Joseph

Establishing Student Councils in Primary Schools in Tanzania

Final Project Report from Batch 15, Tanzania.
Authors: Kafanabo, Eugenia; Mgaza, Mboni M.; Machange, Jerome.

Establishment of School, College and Class Councils, a Pilot Project in Four Basic Schools and one College of Education

Final Project Report from Batch 14, Zambia.
Authors: Yumba, Valentine; Kunda Simunyola, Catherine; Siwala Katongo, Susan.

Evaluate the Primary & Kindergarten Teacher’s Performance, In Light of Child Rights Convention, CRC

Final Project Report, Batch 12, Egypt
Author: Saad Mohamed Gouda Maghrabi, Reham Zein El Gebaly and Hosam Samir Omar

Exploration of the roles and relationships, power and assignments of Student administrative bodies in selected secondary schools on the Copperbelt Province

Final Project Report from Batch 16, Zambia.
Authors: Lukonde Chileshe, Derrick; Mwila Ngonga, Elizabeth; Nkutika, Fredrick.

Focusing on provision regarding children’s rights at Tuguva Combined School in Kavango West Region

Final Project Report from Batch 9, Namibia.
Authors: Sikongo, Jacobs. M; Mbundu, Markus. M; Likoro, Elisabeth. N.

Forming and activating class students’ councils of grade 6 in Le Quy Don School

Final Project Report, Batch 9, Vietnam
Authors: Ngo Thi Tuyen, Nguyen Thi Tao, Nguyen Van Hiep

Generating a Child Rights Classroom Culture through Cross-Curricular Materials that Foster Critical Thinking

Final Project Report from Batch 13, Colombia.
Authors: Pardo, Astrid Núñez; Guerrero, Jazmín Olivia; Reyes, Juan Carlos.

Giving Wings to Children´s Dreams, Implementation of CRC in a Primary School

Final Project Report, Batch 12, Vietnam
Authors: Tam Nguyen Huu, Phuong Hoang Minh and Khanh Le Ngoc Tuong

Global Initiative to end all Corporal Punishment of Children - website

Global Initiative to end all Corporal Punishment of Children The Global Initiative to End All Corporal Punishment of Children promotes universal prohibition and elimination of corporal punishment. Supporters of this aim include UNICEF, UNESCO and many international and national organisations and prominent individuals. This website contains detailed individual reports on the legality and prevalence of violent punishment in each state and territory in the world, global and regional tables of progress towards prohibition in all settings, information on the human rights imperative to prohibit all corporal punishment, guidance on achieving prohibition, summaries of research on the issue and more. http://www.endcorporalpunishment.org/

GRADUALLY BRIDGING EDUCATION GAP TO GIVE UNDERPRIVILEGED CHILDREN CHANCES OF QUALITY EDUCATION

Final Project Report, Batch 10, Vietnam
Authors: Vu Thi My Hanh, Nguyen Cao Long, Hoang Truong Giang

Guideline for increased participation in pre-school curriculum, piloting Battambang town Pre-school, Battambang Province

Final Project Report, Batch 19, Cambodia.
Authors: Ms. Hou Saomoline, Mr. Sok Sokhom, Mr. Lim Bunthoeun, T

Guidelines for Inclusion: Ensuring Access to Education for All

The democratic and human rights-based intent of Inclusive Education is defined in the Salamanca Statement and represented in the 'recognition of the need to work towards 'schools for all' - institutions which include everybody, celebrate differences, support learning, and respond to individual needs'. A commitment to this approach is central to UNICEF's work in the region. https://www.unicef.org/eca/education_18613.html UNESCO (2005) Guidelines for Inclusion: Ensuring Access to Education for All. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001402/140224e.pdf

Helping teachers to encourage their students to set up the classroom rules in primary school to increase participation in school activities

Final Project Report, Batch 20, Vietnam
Authors: Ms Pham Thuy Ha, and Mr Ha Thanh Hai

How does a Government Lower Primary School in India work with mathematics? - A study on how the teachers’ mathematical beliefs affect the norms operating in the classroom.

Petersson, Malin; & Bäckström Caroline ( 2014) How does a Government Lower Primary School in India work with mathematics? - A study on how the teachers’ mathematical beliefs affect the norms operating in the classroom. Governmental Lower Primary School Kerala. Malmö University.
Type: Bachelor thesis.

How the educational system in China is designed

Andersson, Felicia; Nordström, Emelie (2014) How the educational system in China is designed. Inner Mongolia Normal University. Malmö University.
Type: Bachelor thesis.

How to Develop Good Relationships Between Teachers and Pupils at Grade I and Grade II of Primary Schools in Sri Lanka

Final Project Report, Batch 04, Sri Lanka
Author: Nandani, Dhammika, Ajith

Implementation Handbook for the Convention on the Rights of the Child. UNICEF Publications.

UNICEF/UNESCO Hodgkin,Rachel & Newell, Peter (2007). Implementation Handbook for the Convention on the Rights of the Child. UNICEF Publications.

Implementation of Child Rights in Schools: A Pilot Project in Kabale Zone, Mpika District, Zambia

Final Project Report from Batch 2, Zambia.
Authors: Mutale Mwila, Theresa; Mfula, Samuel; Mutale, Raidon.